KPCS is an international certification scheme for rough diamonds created by the UN in 2003. In an effort to prevent “conflict diamonds” from getting into respectable markets, the UN set forth the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme by Resolution 55/56 of the UN General Assembly. The process was established in order to guarantee that diamond trading would not be financing violence and diamonds be mined and shipped humanely and responsibly. In order to comply with KPCS, each shipment of rough diamonds crossing an international border should be:
- Transported in a tamper-proof container to another KPCS participant country only.
- Accompanied by a government-validated Kimberley Process Certificate. Certificates must be forgery-resistant and individually numbered, describing the contents of the shipment.
The KPCS implements a system of warranties created by the World Diamond Council, requiring all buyers and sellers of rough and cut diamonds to make the following statement: “The diamonds herein invoiced have been purchased from legitimate sources not involved in funding conflict and in compliance with United Nations resolutions. The seller hereby guarantees that these diamonds are conflict free, based on personal knowledge and/or written guarantees provided by the supplier of these diamonds.” Failing to abide by the rules and regulations, will lead to removal from industry organizations.